History and Resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
It is time for honest, frank discussion about the real purpose of religions, the extent to which their sacred texts are fallible, and the extent to which “fundamentalist” or "orthodox" individuals or sects have misrepresented and distorted those texts to ignore their core message in its full context to suit their own theocratic purposes.
Of course, much of humanity is sharply divided and in conflict, but the worst divisions and conflicts are, ironically, over religion, and the most offensive people claim that God is on their side. And the conflict in the Mid-East, which has spread to other countries in the world, was created by misguided concepts of God, and distortions and/or misunderstanding of religious texts and the prophecies within them.
That has been a problem in the modern State of Israel since it was established by the U.N. in 1948. In fact, it has been a problem in Palestine since the migration of Zionist European Jews to Palestine began in 1906, increased in 1916 and 1917, and increased even more by 1947. Since then it has become increasingly problematic and troublesome, and has proven destructive and deadly, especially for the indigenous Palestinian people (as the world has finally become aware of in recent years due to the Israeli government's shocking treatment of Palestinian refugees in Gaza).
Now it should be understood that the Jewish Zionist movement really began with The Jewish National Fund in 1901, which was a fund drive to buy and develop land in Palestine for Jews. That wasn't bad, because it was legal and it recognized Arab ownership of the land. But then very rich Zionists in Britain and France donated money from their individual fortunes to buy and develop land in Palestine, and land was bought under false pretenses because Arabs had learned of the Jewish Zionist movement.
Then in 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement between Britain and France, with Russia’s assent, defined their areas of control in the Middle East when they succeeded in defeating the Muslim Ottoman Empire during World War I, after which they split up the Ottoman Empire for their own colonial purposes. But the British Balfour Declaration of 1917 is what enabled the Jewish Zionist movement the most, because it gave official royal approval for "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people."
However, neither the British nor the Jews honored provisions in that Declaration regarding Palestinians, and the Palestinians were deeply betrayed. In fact, Palestinians and others have been betrayed time after time ever since. That is why ever since and especially during the last few decades the repercussions and consequences have been catastrophic, and they have spread beyond the region to other countries in the rest of the world.
That is because since 1972 misguided hypocrites who claim to be Muslim "Jihadists" have resorted to waging a False Jihad. That is, instead of defending themselves properly against persecution and oppression, they fight an aggressive, offensive war, and they even commit indiscriminate mass murder. And, since England and America have supported Israel since 1948, England and America have therefore become the second-biggest targets of false Jihadists -- who are actually murderous terrorists who betray God every bit as much as Israeli Zionist Jews do.
Indeed, resorting to terrorism like that, the false "Jihadists" have become as bad as the proud and militant Israeli Zionists who have dislocated, oppressed, persecuted and murdered Palestinians for about 70 years. In fact, Zionists have been guilty of genocide and ethnic cleansing, which has at times been blatant since it began in 1947, with the latest episode being demonstrated in July and August of 2014 when the whole world was watching.
That is to say very clearly that both sides are wrong, even though the government of the modern state of Israel bears the most responsibility for creating, perpetuating and exacerbating the conflict, violence and destruction.
It is such a shame because most of the people in the Mid-East are humble, gentle, good adherents of Judaism or Christianity or Islam and want mutual respect and peaceful coexistence. But, unfortunately, proud, militant extremist forces beyond their control have caused and keep causing conflict and trouble. And the biggest trouble makers are bigoted hypocrites who claim that they serve God but are driven by the misguided belief that they must fight and win a “holy war” (an oxymoron if there ever was one).
They all have their reasons, of course, and they all have valid grievances. But they are all guilty of terrible offenses, transgressions, and errors in judgment, and they should keep in mind that the ultimate goal of Judaism, Christianity and Islam is to establish peace and transform "swords into plowshares."
After all, Muhammad's Qur'an states that Muslims should honor the prophets of Judaism. It says that "killing is always evil" (2:190 and 2:217), and that Jews, Christians and Muslims all worship "the same God" (29:46).
Therefore, we now need to assess the situation reasonably, because lasting peace will not be "won" by waging war. Peace must be made -- and it must be made by confessing offenses, reconciling differences, bringing war criminals and murderers to justice, and by making amends, thereby making peace that will last.
However, that will happen only when hypocrites and wrongdoers on both sides are exposed, and only when both sides of the story are fully known.
The fact is that most Americans and British do not know the full story. They have been informed about the Israeli side of the story every time Israelis have been hurt in the conflict since it began long ago. However, until recent years the mainstream American commercial news media simply did not tell the Palestinian side of the story at all. It was simply ignored. And that enabled the myth of Israeli privilege and entitlement, as well as the notion of Israeli "victimization," to be firmly entrenched in the West.
How and Why Americans Don't Know the Full Story
At the end of World War II after the horror of the Nazi concentration camps and the murder of about six million European Jews was discovered, there was a lot of sympathy for the Jewish people. Between 1945 and 1948 that was a big factor, not only in the change of heart toward Jews. It also led to the acquiescence of the U.S. Government regarding Zionism and a "return" of Jews to Palestine, and it led to one-sided reporting by Western media and utter disregard for the plight of Palestinians who were negatively impacted by it.
For example, Americans were not told the full story about what happened in 1948 when Jewish immigration from Europe to Palestine was greatly expanded. Americans were not informed of the atrocities and ethnic cleansing perpetrated by Israeli militias in 1947. Americans were not informed in 1948 when about 80 percent of the indigenous Arab inhabitants of the land that had become Israel had to flee or were expelled from their homes.
Americans were not informed in when the city of Jaffa was ethnically “cleansed” of Palestinians by Jewish forces in an operation begun in May 1948, the day before Israel declared statehood. Most of the Arab population was driven from the city, and many were murdered in the streets, and their homes were looted. The remaining few Arabs were forced into officially designated ghettos and the city was repopulated by Zionist Jews who were granted "legal" title to what was formerly Palestinian property.
Estimates are that between 700,000 and a million Palestinian Arabs were displaced and made refugees. It was an ugly scene, marked by massacres by Zionist militias, and by forceful removals by Zionist forces with expulsion orders by Zionist Israeli authorities. Then a series of Israeli laws were passed by the first Israeli government preventing the expelled Palestinian Arabs from returning to their homes or reclaiming their property. They had to remain refugees, and their descendants are still refugees in the shrinking Gaza strip and the shrinking West Bank while the Israelis claim and take more and more land for their "settlements."
Americans were not informed in 1953 when an Israeli military unit led by Ariel Sharon was responsible for the mass slaughter of Palestinian refugee inhabitants of Qibya; nor during the 1967 war when Israel grabbed much more land; nor in 1982 when Ariel Sharon led an illegal Israeli military invasion and intrusion into Lebanon and was responsible for the massacre of many Palestinians, particularly in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in Beirut, Lebanon; nor in 2000 when Ariel Sharon blatantly insulted and provoked Palestinians and started another war (the Second Intifada).
Americans were not informed even in 2004 during the Israeli siege of Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat’s compound in Ramallah. The mainstream American media avoided letting Americans hear many Palestinian voices at all. And during Israel’s attack on Gaza in 2006, even The New York Times and National Public Radio (NPR) did not send their reporters to interview Palestinians, or show the destruction in Gaza caused by Israel.
Those are just some of the notable examples of the impact of Zionist Israeli offenses against Palestinians that most Americans were unaware of because the mainstream news media simply did not tell both sides of the story.
Things Begin to Come To Light
In June 2009 former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, a good servant of God, visited Gaza and said that he was almost brought to tears by what he saw, which included the deliberate Israeli destruction of Palestinian infrastructure, hospitals, water facilities, bridges and schools. He said that he felt some responsibility because the American International School, one of many destroyed by the Israelis, had been "deliberately destroyed by bombs from F-16s made in my country." Not only that, he added that Palestinians in Gaza were being treated "more like animals than human beings."
However, things had began to change even before Carter's visit, because despite Israeli efforts to exclude the international press, Al Jazeera and other Arabic news channels were broadcasting live out of Gaza. Additionally, by then The New York Times had a young reporter in Gaza who had been born and raised there, and she had a computer and a cell phone. And even many other Palestinians had cell phones so they could send photographs, videos and stories out into the world.
All those factors transformed how Americans began to understand what the Israeli occupation, apartheid, blockade and isolation of Palestinian territories looks like, what a military siege and bombardment does to a town, what illegal white phosphorous Israeli bombs look like when they hit a school. And more Americans began to become more aware of the plight of the Palestinians trapped in Gaza.
Contributing to the shift in information and activism, the moderate and progressive Jewish community in America began to counter the hard right-wing Zionist lobby groups and form their own groups, like “J-Street.” The Jewish Voice for Peace has also been a consistent voice educating young American Jews, and all these peace efforts have helped to begin to change the way Americans view the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
That is why Israel's latest war on Gaza was covered more than ever by Western media, and it is why many progressive Jewish peace activists in Israel and America have been much more vocal and critical of the government of Israel. Thanks to Israeli peace activists like Miko Peled many people all over the world have become much more informed about the real cause of the problems.
For example, in America on July 10, 2014, the progressive Jewish Daily Forward published a scathing article on How Politics and Lies Triggered an Unintended War in Gaza, which exposed the deception of the Israeli government and its deliberate strategy to whip up war fever. Rabbi Michael Lerner, editor of Tikkun Magazine and chair of the Tikkun Network of Spiritual Progressives wrote a series of articles critical of the Israeli government. And on July 11 Uri Avnery, a prominent and good Israeli peace activists and former member of the Israeli Parliament published an article for gush-shalom.org (Peace Block) called The Atrocity, in which he revealed the chain of events that led up to the hostilities.
The prophet Isaiah foresaw and foretold it, and wrote the following words:
“[Israel’s] iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear. For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue has muttered perverseness. None call for justice, nor any plead for truth. They trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity.” – Isaiah 59:2-4
Now, even though the truth about Israel’s iniquity should be known, it also must be said at the outset that false "Jihadists" are equally culpable and guilty of committing mass murder and causing death and destruction. They are just as culpable and guilty as the Israeli government is for what they have wrought on Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank. False Jihadists are led by madmen and murderers who don’t even care about the lives of Palestinians or Muslims. They care about their wicked lust for vengeance against Israeli Zionists and Western supporters of Zionism.
What Caused the Last Israeli-Palestinian War (2014)
On June 12, 2014 two Palestinians kidnapped three Israeli teenagers who were to be used as hostages for the release of Palestinian prisoners. One of the three managed to call the Israeli police from his cell phone and the kidnappers panicked, shot the three Israeli teenagers, and dumped the bodies in a field.
Later discoveries revealed that the bodies of the Israeli teenagers were found soon after that, but the discovery was withheld from the public deliberately. Instead, a deceptive lie was then spread, and Israel deployed thousands of soldiers for three weeks searching for the three missing teenagers, and according to Avnery the search “soon degenerated into an orgy of racist incitement, which intensified from day to day. Newspapers, radio stations and TV networks competed with each other in unabashed racist diatribes, repeating the official line -- every day, around the clock.”
Here are some examples of the warmongering:
Israel’s deputy Minister of Defense said: "If a Russian boy had been kidnapped, Putin would have flattened village after village!"
The Zionist Jewish Home faction leader (part of the Israeli government coalition) said: "With a people whose heroes are child murderers we must deal accordingly."
The chairman of the youth movement of the Jewish settlers in the West Bank said: "An entire nation and thousands of years of history demand: Revenge!"
A former Housing Minister and builder of the settlements said: "This is the right moment. When our children are hurt, we go berserk, no limits, dismantling of the Palestinian Authority, annexation of Judea and Samaria (the West Bank), execution of all prisoners who have been condemned for murder, exile of family members of terrorists!"
Then Binyamin Netanyahu himself, speaking about the entire Palestinian people: "They are not like us. We sanctify life, they sanctify death!"
That’s the kind of warmongering that went on for weeks, and consequently during that time one Palestinian boy was beaten and disfigured horribly and another boy was burned to death with gasoline.
When the three Israeli teenagers were “finally discovered” after a long prolonged search, the war fever was so high that nothing could stop the Israeli lust for war (which began on July 8). But the truth is that, as the Jewish Daily Forward reported on July 10, the Israeli teenagers had already been found not long after they went missing, but Netanyahu and the Israeli government deliberately kept it secret just to purposely whip up war fever. (Again, see the story titled How Politics and Lies Triggered an Unintended War in Gaza.)
Anyone who watches the news now knows what has happened following that in July 2014 and continued. We know the Israeli government has mercilessly bombed Gaza hospitals, water plants, schools, U.N. schools, civilian neighborhoods and marketplaces. And the tragic shame is that no one in the U.S. Government has officially declared that Israel has committed war crimes and violated Geneva Conventions and U.N. Charter resolutions. Instead, the mantra in the West is still that "Israel has a right to defend itself," which is one of the most dishonest and misleading rationalizations ever told. Israel is committing genocide, and Israel's wickedness and iniquity is as blatant as the murderers and terrorists that seek vengeance upon Israel.
That is why it is now time to understand the basic history of how and why the conflict was created in the first place, because it has gotten entirely out of hand.
More Specific Historical Perspective
We should consider that the history of the region is marked by various sporadic foreign invasions and occupations at various times, perhaps most notably by the ancient Romans, the Ottoman Turks, and then the British when in 1917 they won the Battle For Jerusalem and the Palestinian Arabs won other battles to take the whole region all the way to Aqaba, after which the British ruled and established Palestine. Then, after the Second World War, the new State of Israel was established in 1948 and Palestine was split up into pieces and given to Jordan, Egypt, and the new State of Israel -- while millions of Palestinian Arabs became refugees with no country.
The stage was set for the conflict ever since, because the British, in concert with the U.S. and other influential members of the United Nations, had decided to dismantle and divide Palestine (see maps in the side bar). And that triggered a flood of new immigration of European and American Jews to the new nation of Israel, and the process of dislocating Palestinians was put in full gear and they were forced into refugee areas which, as you can see in the maps, have shrunk considerably due to Israeli expansionism.
Today most people in the world can see how and why a seed of inevitable resentment and discord was planted in 1947 and 1948. But the reason the U.N. did that was because most people in Europe and America thought it was a good idea. After all, as has been mentioned, there was tremendous sympathy for the Jewish people after the world found out about the horrible Nazi concentration camps and death camps in Germany.
However, the real driving cause was because the European Jewish Zionist movement, which was established back in 1897 in Austria-Hungary and had become strong, large and influential in England by 1917 near the end of World War One. (See the article titled Zion vs Zionism for a critique on Zionist motivations and actions, and an explanation of what Zion really is, because "Zionism" is based on misinterpretation and misunderstanding of scriptures.)
In December 1917 the British won the Battle For Jerusalem and the Southern Palestine Offensive during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War One. A month earlier, assuming British victory, the infamous "Balfour Declaration" was written, which consequently supported and led to the first wave of Jewish immigration to Palestine.
To provide some details, the Balfour Declaration was part of a letter sent in November 1917 from the British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Baron Walter Rothschild, an influential Jewish-British banker and a prominent leader of the Zionist movement and the British Jewish community. And the letter was directed for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Declaration states: “His Majesty's government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”
The letter was published a week later in the press, and it was later integrated into the Sèvres peace treaty with the Ottoman Empire, and became the Mandate for Palestine.
Of course, the 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement was also responsible for future problems, because it planned for Great Britain and France to split up the Ottoman Empire for their own colonial purposes. It enabled France to take the Syrian coast and much of modern-day Lebanon to France, while Britain took direct control over central and southern Mesopotamia, around the Baghdad and Basra provinces. A huge area including modern-day Syria, Mosul in northern Iraq, and Jordan, was under French supervision in the north and under British supervision in the south. Also, Britain and France would retain free passage and trade in the whole region.
By 1947, following World War II, the idea of a Jewish State did finally become established because Zionism had become a very strong movement, fueled even further by the consequences of the Nazi's treatment of Jews. And, on top of that, Zionist leaders had also suggested that a new State of Israel could be a Western pillar of strategic defense against Soviet incursion into the Mid-East -- and the U.S. Government liked and supported that idea.
Now, however, we need to consider a more full history of Palestine and Israel because the Zionist cause has proven so problematic, and that's why we need to examine its flaws in logic and misunderstanding of prophecies. (See the companion articles on Zion vs Zionism, the The Crusades for Jerusalem.)
We all need to recognize that the actual intent and will of God is in the interests and for the benefit of all nations in the world, not just Israel. And it should be understood that the Mosaic or Sinai Covenant was conditional, and it merely states that the Jewish nation could be a "holy nation" if the people obeyed Torah and behaved properly -- something the leaders of the State of Israel have really not done yet.
We must face the fact that we will not have peace as long as proud and militant Zionist hardliners in Israel and America refuse to acknowledge that the Palestinians and other Muslims and Arabs have legitimate grievances. We will not have peace as long as Israel and the U.S. Government and Military continue to kill innocent men, women and children and dismiss such murders as "collateral damage." Nor will we have peace as long as terribly misguided radical Muslims wage a false Jihad by committing offensive, indiscriminate mass murder.
We must deal with those problems. For if the world community and the United Nations continues to simply stand by and watch, there will be a never-ending cycle of retaliation after retaliation, with much more violence, death and destruction.
Above all, we must realize the true purpose of religion, because the worst troublemakers use religion to justify themselves. And they are "fundamentalist" Jews, Christians and Muslims who simply do not understand that the God of Abraham, Jesus and Muhammad is the same God. Instead, they have been led to believe that "their" God is on their side, that it is "God’s will" and the fulfillment of prophecy that they fight their "holy war," and that their religion will reign supreme over the world.
That is not true, and such beliefs reveal ignorance of God's will. It is false doctrine based on misunderstanding of divine intent, created and maintained by patriarchs who want to rule in the name of God and religion.
Furthermore, it is time to understand that God does not cause war and killing, and even though there have been justifiable wars against tyrannical regimes, most wars have been caused by Man’s vain folly and desire to rule over others of different race, religion, or nationality.
Additionally, even under secular laws of Man, killing is deemed justifiable only in self-defense, as a last resort, only when all other means of stopping a deadly attack are exhausted, and only when it is in actually to protect people’s lives from those who are killing. Therefore, any deadly "preemptive" attack, offensive attack, indiscriminate attack, or false "Jihad," perpetrated while claiming that it is in "self-defense," is self-serving, false justification and rationalization.
The Prophets Foresaw It
The prophets of many religions foresaw and foretold that there would be all the conflict, division, war, and tribulation. And sure enough, particularly since 1914 and as the end of this age has been drawing ever nearer, we’ve had many wars and rumors of war, as Jesus foresaw. However, what the prophets foresaw and foretold has essentially taken place. There need be no more war.
What we need now is to make peace, because as has been said, peace will not be "won." Peace must be made, by addressing the grievances of all concerned, confessing our offenses, bringing offenders to justice, reconciling our differences, and making amends. And that goes for all sides — Israelis, Americans, British, Muslims from various countries, and all others who wage war and kill their fellow man.
It is time to understand that the prophets not only foresaw the wars. They also foresaw that the time would come when a judgment and intercession would be delivered, which guides you to the real truth and shows you things to come.
This is part of it. But this judgment cannot be lukewarm. It must be strong. It does not appease the rich and powerful, nor does it favor one religion or one nation or one people over others. It exposes and rebukes those who are wrong, and it liberates and empowers the great and good majority. And when this judgment is finally recognized and accepted by enough people, it will put an end to the wars by shattering the image of those who claim to be religious even though they are driven by malice, hate, bigotry, and lust for worldly power, domain, and dominion.
With that in mind, let us further examine how and why this situation developwed.
A great deal of American financial, material, military, and supposed "religious" support has been provided to the Israelis ever since 1948 when the modern State of Israel was established. In fact, it could be said that without the billions of dollars per year that America has been giving and still gives to Israel, there may not have been, or may not still be, a State of Israel.
As will be discussed later, a lot of American Jewish Political Action Committees (PACs) and lobby groups have furthered the cause of Zionism in America, and the American commercial news media has covered the Israeli side of conflicts. For a long time most Americans have been aware of Israeli suffering at the hands of Palestinian terrorists. From the coverage of the war in 1967, to the Palestinian terrorist killing of 11 Israeli athletes during the 1972 Olympics in Munich, to the Yom Kippur War in 1973, all the way to the latest Palestinian attacks against Israel, Americans have been very informed.
Many if not most Americans were pro-Israel for many good reasons, and some Americans are still pro-Israel because the Jewish people are very much a part of Western civilization. After all, Jewish Americans originally immigrated from Western Europe to America, and then many immigrated from America to modern Israel. Besides that, the Jewish people have contributed a great deal to Western civilization, especially in science, medicine, entertainment, comedy, music, business, banking and merchandising. Many Jews are renowned and greatly respected and appreciated all over the world. In fact, the world is in certain respects a better place because of the greatness of the Jewish people.
However, some Jews, like some of the people in other races and religions, are not great, and the Israeli government has at times been terrible. In fact, it is often terrible in terms of its use of deadly military force and abuse of power, and that’s been true since 1948.
In May 1948, The Declaration of the Establishment of Israel stated: "On the day of the termination of the British mandate and on the strength of the United Nations General Assembly declare The State of Israel will be based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel. It will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion. It will guarantee freedom of religion [and] conscience and will be faithful to the Charter of the United Nations."
Unfortunately, the government of Israel has ignored that Declaration, violated U.N. Charter and Resolutions, ignored the actual vision of the prophets, and ignored social and political rights of Palestinians because of their race and religion.
It is very telling that David Ben-Gurion, modern Israel’s first Prime Minister, is quoted as having said: "Why should the Arabs make peace? If I were an Arab leader I would never make terms with Israel. That is natural: we have taken their country. Sure, God promised it to us, but what does that matter to them? Our God is not theirs. We come from Israel, it's true, but two thousand years ago, and what is that to them? There has been antisemitism, the Nazis, Hitler, Auschwitz, but was that their fault? They only see one thing: we have come here and stolen their country. Why should they accept that? They may perhaps forget in one or two generations' time, but for the moment there is no chance. So, it's simple: we have to stay strong and maintain a powerful army. Our whole policy is there. Otherwise the Arabs will wipe us out."
Ben-Gurion admitted that the Palestinians had their land taken from them. But he was ignorant of the fact that the God of Islam is also the God of Israel. In fact, it should be reiterated that the Qur'an commands Muslims to speak with great courtesy to Jews and Christians, because they "all believe in the same God." (Qur’an 29:46.)
Of course, radical Muslim extremists seem to be ignorant of that fact as well, but we must understand why they have become radicalized.
Ben-Gurion set the tone for the Israeli Zionist cause, being ignorant of Islam and simply ignoring Palestinian human rights. He also used inflammatory rhetoric, as have many right-wing Israeli hardliners ever since, insisting that they have a "divine right of return," and that military force and an iron fist was the only thing Palestinians would respect.
However, we should understand that there were prophets of certain Native American nations who also believed in the Great Spirit also foretold that they and their lands would someday be saved from foreign imperialism and occupation. But, in spite of that, the United Nations did not not act to make that happen, or allow Native American to return to the actual home lands of their ancestors. Therefore, what makes the "Zionist" idea of a "right of return" any more logical?
Granted, Jews have a right to live where they wish, but, like anyone else in the world, they must follow accepted procedures to do that and buy land that is for sale. Israeli Jews have not done that since 1947. They've simply taken land, which is why the U.S. and Israel have erred ever since 1947 and especially since 1948. And Israel’s iniquity has only gotten worse and worse, clinging to erroneous, flawed logic based on a false interpretation and misunderstanding of prophecies.
Granted, as was prophesied by more than one Jewish prophet, during the lifetime of the modern Mashiach (Messiah) Jews have been able to go to Jerusalem and surrounding land, immigrating from many different countries in the world. However, nothing in the Hebrew Tanakh or Bible justified what the U.N. enabled European Jews to do in 1948, and nothing in scripture justifies what the government of Israel has done militarily since then.
Even More Specific History of Palestine
Today Palestinians are called Palestinians because their homeland had been known as Palestine prior to 1948. The use of the name "Palestine" in English became common after the European Renaissance, and the name was officially revived and used again prior to and after World War I when the British took control of Palestine.
In 1914, when the British military was planning to try to defeat and remove the Muslim Ottoman Empire’s forces from the region, two Russian Jewish Zionists initiated the idea of forming a European Jewish military unit that would be part of the effort. By 1915 the unit grew as Jews from Egypt joined in that effort. And Jewish Zionists around the world saw it as an opportunity to promote the idea of a modern Jewish State.
Ironically, Arab Palestinians were instrumental in the war against the Ottomans, though unaware of the Zionist plan. The Arab Palestinian forces were organized by a British Army officer, T. E. Lawrence, better known as Lawrence of Arabia, renowned for his role during the Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule. The Arab Palestinians were very helpful in fighting against the Ottoman Turks, and in the Battle of Aqaba they were victorious over the Turkish defenders.
By the time World War One ended in 1918, the Ottoman Turks were out of Palestine, in large part due to Arab efforts. In fact, commanding British General Allenby, who had taken Jerusalem, praised the chief Arab leader for his role in the victory over the Ottoman Turks. He wrote: "I send your Highness congratulations upon the great achievement of your gallant troops... Thanks to our combined efforts, the Ottoman army is everywhere in full retreat."
The British then occupied Palestine until 1948. That, again, was when the new State of Israel was established with approval of the United Nations, and more than a million Palestinians (according to their account) were displaced and made refugees.
Ever since then the dislocated Palestinian refugees have suffered in various ways, and many of the Palestinians who managed to keep their homes in Israel by becoming Israeli citizens say they don't have it too much better. They say they have been treated as second-class citizens in their own home land, and do not have rights equal to the Jewish Israelis. In fact, there has been a long history of dislocation, discrimination, oppression and persecution against Palestinians which goes back all the way to 1917.
For many decades Palestinian land, communities and neighborhoods have been occupied and ruled by occupying Israeli military forces. Palestinians have been incarcerated, tortured, killed and assassinated. Israelis have destroyed Palestinian homes, orchards, and other property. Palestinians have had practically no say about it, no rights, and no legal recourse, which has inevitably provoked outrage. But Americans haven't heard much about why, until the atrocities became so blatant that they could no longer be ignored or denied.
This has astounded many people in the world, considering that the history of the Jews is one of being the victims of persecution themselves, especially at the hands of the Nazis in Germany before and during World War II.
Even Jews in America suffered persecution by Nazi sympathizers in America while Hitler was rising to power, and white American racists went to the extent of putting signs in their store fronts that said: "Niggers and Jews Not Allowed." Many American Jews found they had to change their last names to English-American-sounding names to avoid being discriminated against, and they did everything they could to be assimilated into American society.
That is why it is so hypocritical of Israeli Zionists to be persecuting and oppressing Palestinians. But even though most Israeli Jews are good people, it shouldn't surprise us that some Jews who have been persecuted become persecutors. Many people who were persecuted become persecutors, and many do it justifying themselves with religion.
Remember, one of America's greatest founding fathers, Benjamin Franklin, commented on that in an essay on "Toleration" in which he pointed out persecution of and by Christians. He wrote: "If we look back into history for the character of the present sects in Christianity, we shall find few that have not in their turns been persecutors, and complainers of persecution. The original Christians thought persecution extremely wrong in the Pagans, but practiced it on one another. The first Protestants of the Church of England blamed persecution in the Roman church, but practiced it upon the Puritans. [The Puritans] found it wrong in the Bishops of the Church of England, but fell into the same practice themselves in New England [in America]."
Since 1948, hard-line Zionist Israeli Jews have also become persecutors. But, they justify themselves because they feel that any and all use of armed force, violence, death, destruction and even illegal covert operations and assassinations are justified and necessary to control Palestinians and exact revenge on those who have attacked or may have attacked or may attack Israelis.
On the other hand, as Palestinians see it, the Israelis created the problem in the first place. And while Israelis claim to act only in "self-defense," that is not true. They have often over-reacted and gone way beyond "an eye for an eye" retaliation when attacked by those they have offended. They have resorted to offensive invasions and occupation, not only of Palestinian lands in Gaza and the West Bank, but also of their neighbor Lebanon, and they have destroyed much of Lebanon's infrastructure more than once.
To the Israelis, a legitimate target is any location and any dwelling or any vehicle in any country that may contain a suspected terrorist. The Israeli government has acted as if any collateral damage or death of innocent men, women and children, and any destruction of homes and buildings and infrastructure, is a legitimate consequence of the "war on terrorism." But to Palestinians, Israelis are the terrorists.
The Israelis feel it is their "God-given right," and they feel it is a fight that they must win at any cost. But, they misunderstand and distort prophecy to suit their own purposes.
The idea of Jewish "return" (called Zionism) stems from a story about many of their distant Jewish ancestors being forced to leave their ancient homeland (Palestine) almost two thousand years ago in the great "Diaspora" (dispersion) beginning not long after the death of Jesus and following a crushing Roman response to a series of Jewish uprisings against Roman imperialism and occupation. The result was a defeat of the Jews and the destruction of their second temple in Jerusalem.
That, so the story goes, was when many Jews were forced to leave the region and scatter to various European countries. However, most people do not know the full story, because the Jewish revolt never would have happened, and the Diaspora never would have happened, if the Jewish people had followed the teachings of the "House of Hillel" rather than of the "House of Shammai."
The teachings of Hillel the Elder preceded those of Jesus but were similar in that they were based on peaceful coexistence and non-violence. (In fact, Hillel taught the Golden Rule before Jesus did.) But Shammai was a militant zealot and unfortunately appealed to Jewish pride, prejudice and emotions, and that caused the violence and the war, and ultimately the Jewish defeat and the Diaspora -- all because Jews ignored the teachings of Hillel and Jesus.
Even so, some Israeli scholars have recently submitted that most Jews actually remained in the area, even though they were reduced to the status of a subject people in Palestine, which would be fought over and ruled in turn by the Romans, Byzantines, Persians, Arabs, Christian Crusaders, Ottoman Turks, and British.
Historians tell us that the modern Zionist movement was initiated by German and Austrian Jews, some of whom were bankers, back in the 1800s. Some European Jews then immigrated to Palestine, and it increased in 1917 near the end of World War I. That's when it really began to negatively affect the Palestinians. In fact, that's when certain things happened that have bothered Palestinians ever since.
Considering the historical facts and events, the Palestinians have felt betrayed, as has been mentioned, and they feel that the modern State of Israel is built upon a foundation that was undermined and damaged by the Israelis themselves. After all, the Jews in Palestine after 1920 did not honor the Balfour Declaration, and since 1948 the Israelis have not honored that declaration or subsequent declarations, or Geneva Conventions or resolutions by the United Nations --- such as U.N. Security Council in resolutions 446, 452, 465 and 471, made under Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter, and Article III of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, especially Article 3(1) and Article 3(2).
As the Palestinians see it, the British takeover of Palestine was unfair. The Palestinians feel that the Balfour Declaration was unfair, and that the Israeli treatment of Palestinians was and has been in defiance and non-compliance with the one part of that declaration intended to protect Palestinian civil rights (as members of the British Parliament have recently admitted). They feel that the Israeli government has violated International laws, Geneva Conventions and U.N. Security Resolutions with impunity. And they feel that the ultimate unfairness has been the continual Jewish takeover and occupation of Palestinian homes and land.
The Palestinians also feel they’ve been betrayed by the Americans, who have funded, supported, and armed the Israelis. That is a significant part of the reason for Palestinian resentment, discontent, and anger toward Israel, England, and the United States.
That resentment is very understandable, especially when you consider the long range impact that British-Israeli-American actions have had on Palestinians. Their natural and justifiable claims to their homeland have been denied, and their plight has increased commensurate to the ever-increasing number of arriving Jewish immigrants ever since 1917.
The situation became so bad that in 1947 the United Nations recommended partitioning Palestine into two separate states. That, however, triggered a civil war between the Palestinians and the Jews, and when the British finally withdrew in 1948 when the new State of Israel was established, the dispute was still unresolved and still raging.
That war has been raging sporadically ever since 1948 when the new State of Israel was established. But all the battles have been won militarily by the Israelis, since they have been backed and supported by American wealth and armed with modern American weapons, including jet fighter planes, helicopter gun ships, and tanks. In fact, it is because of that American support and military capability that Israelis have been able to capture a lot more land and gain military control over the whole area.
Many Americans have approved this all along, but there’s not much attention paid to why. In 1948 the justification was partly sympathy toward the Jews, but it was mainly to “contain the spread of Communism by the Soviet Union.” However, that’s long since been irrelevant. And that was an ostensible reason anyway. The real reason is that the "legal" establishment of the state of Israel is based on biblical grounds agreed upon by American Christian Zionists, and that violates the spirit and the letter of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution because it established law respecting the establishment of religion.
That decision has proven to be extremely problematic, to say the least, and its consequences have been much conflict, violence, death, and destruction.
(Continued at The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Part 2, which discusses the misguided rationale for the idea of "Zionism,"why things have kept getting worse, and how things will change, and includes a discussion about the October 2014 declaration by the British Parliament rebuking Israel and approving a Palestinian State.)